Editor(s):None


  Name:      Euphorbia tirucalli   L., Sp. Pl. 452. 1753.

Status:accepted_name
Accepted Name:None
Basionym:None
Common Names:None
TOLKIN GUID:dbb47ef6-97f4-4aed-9718-50fdf0ffbec0
TOLKIN GUID URL:http://app.tolkin.org/guids/dbb47ef6-97f4-4aed-9718-50fdf0ffbec0
Type Details:
Species: None
Type Collection:
Lectotype = "Tithymalus Indicus frutescens" in Commelin, Hort. Med. Amstelod. Pl. Rar., 1: 27, t. 14, 1697, designated by Leach in Kirkia 9: 70 (1973)
Type Date: None
Type Locality:
"Habitat in India"
Type Herbaria:
See also Wijnands (Bot. Commelins: 102. 1983)
Neo Type: None
Synonyms: show/hide
Name
Namestatus
Euphorbia viminalis Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 15. 1768.
Nom illeg
Tirucallia indica Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 112. 1838.
Synonym
Euphorbia rhipsaloides Lem., Ill. Hort. 4(Misc.): 72. 1857.
Synonym
Arthrothamnus tirucalli (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1859: 251. 1859.
Synonym
Arthrothamnus bergii Klotzsch & Garcke, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1860: 63. 1860.
Synonym
Euphorbia laro Drake, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 5: 307. 1899.
Synonym
Euphorbia geayi Costantin & Gallaud, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 1905: 347. 1905.
Synonym
Euphorbia media N.E. Br., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1): 556. 1911.
Synonym
Euphorbia scoparia N.E. Br., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1): 557. 1911.
Synonym
Euphorbia media var. bashawei N.E. Br., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1): 556. 1911.
Synonym
Subgenus:
Euphorbia
Section:
Tirucalli
Subsection: None
Ingroup Clade:
C
Description: None
Habitat: None
Phylogenetic Relationships: None
Comments: None
Chromosome Number: None
Uses:
Besides the many uses in folk medicine (e.g.: warts, epilepsy, toothache, hemorrhoids, snake bites, extraction of ecto-parasites, sexual impotence, and cough) all over the tropics (Wal et al. 2012), this species is also used as ornamental and fence plant.
Toxicity: None
Conservation Status: None
General Distribution:
Dry Tropical Africa to India: Ghana, Nigeria, Burma, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal), Namibia, Swaziland, Cape Verde (intr.), Comoros, Madagascar, China (intr.), Taiwan (intr.), Bangladesh (intr.), India, Laccadive Is., Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (intr.), Thailand (intr.), Vietnam (intr.), Jawa (intr.), Malaya). Introduced into the New World.
Collector
Collection number
Country
Institution code
Morawetz, J. J.
374
Kenya
EA, MICH
Morawetz, J. J.
411
Kenya
EA, MICH
B.L. Dorsey
103
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
117
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
120
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
121
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
122
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
132
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
153
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
B.L. Dorsey
154
Madagascar
MICH TAN, MO
DNA Sample(s): 6659
DNA Sample(s) Sequences
References:

Carter, S. (2005). Euphorbia in Kenya. Euphorbia World 1(1), 10-16.

Carter, S. (2006). Tree Euphorbias of Tropical Africa. Euphorbia World 2(1), 5-8.

Craig, J.E. (1996). A Euphorbia enthusiast in Java. Euphorbia J. 10, 19-26.

Dorsey, B.L., Haevermans, T., Aubriot, X., Morawetz, J.J., Riina, R., Steinmann, V.W., and Berry, P.E. (2013). Phylogenetics, morphological evolution, and classification of Euphorbia subgenus Euphorbia. Taxon 62, 291–315.

Fourie, S.P. (1985). An introduction to the succulent euphorbias of the Transvaal: part one: trees. Euphorbia J. 3, 52-73.

Gildenhuys, S. (2006). The three most abundant tree Euphorbia species of the Transvaal (South Africa). Euphorbia World 2(1), 9-14.

Hargreaves, B.J. (1992). The succulent euphorbias of Botswana. Euphorbia J. 8, 45-50.

Hargreaves, B.J. (1994). The succulent euphorbias of Malawi. Euphorbia J. 9, 175-189.

Jankalski, S. (2005). Hybrids in succulent Euphorbia. Euphorbia World 1(1), 17-20.

Kimberly, M.J. (1989). The succulent euphorbias of Zimbabwe: a checklist. Euphorbia J. 6, 8-27.

Rauh, W. (1985). Madagascan Euphorbias: life and growth forms. Euphorbia J. 3, 19-37.

Wal, A., Wal, P., Gupta, N., Vishnoi, G., and Srivastava, Dr.R.S. (2012). Medicinal Value of Euphorbia tirucalli. International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archives 4(1), 31-41.


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